SERVICES CONTRACEPTION AND FAMILY PLANNING
Family planning allows couples to attain their desired number of children. It also allows couples to determine the spacing of their pregnancies. This is achieved with the use of contraceptive methods and the treatment of infertility. The main goal for family planning is to ensure that women and couples access their preferred contraceptive methods while securing the well-being of women.
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF FAMILY PLANNING
The benefits of family planning include:
Preventing pregnancy-related health risks in women:
Family planning allows spacing of pregnancies to decrease the death of early childbearing and prevents unintended pregnancies, including those of older women who have increased risks related to pregnancy.
Reduce infant mortality:
Family planning may prevent closely spaced and ill-timed pregnancies and births. Infants of women who die as a result of giving birth are also at risk of death and poor health.
Helps prevent HIV/AIDS:
Family planning helps reduce the risk of unintended pregnancies among women who are living with HIV, which will then result in fewer infected babies.
Reduce adolescent pregnancies:
Pregnant adolescents are at risk of having preterm or low birth-weight babies which may result in them having to leave school.
What are the different types of contraceptive methods?
There are different types of contraceptive method, namely:
Long-acting reversible contraception such as the implant or intrauterine device (IUD):
These are contraceptives that last for a long time. The IUD is a T-shaped device that is inserted and placed in your uterus to interrupt the process of implantation and lasts for up to 5-10 years. An implant is a small plastic rod that is inserted into your upper arm, under your skin to thicken cervical mucus to prevent sperms from entering the uterus. This lasts for 3-5 years.
Hormonal contraception such as the pill or injection:
These contain small amounts of oestrogen and progesterone hormones, which inhibit your body's natural cyclical hormones to prevent ovulation. The injection is administered once every 3 months.
Barrier methods, such as condoms:
Barrier methods work by preventing sperms from entering the vagina. Condoms help prevent sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
Emergency contraception, also known as the morning-after pill, is a form of birth control that is used by women who have had unprotected sex. This is used to prevent pregnancy and not to end one.